Green Line is involved in ongoing projects, develops project concepts and consults specific actors of agricultural supply chains on strategic sustainability issues. To get a better understanding on the work of Green Line you can find a selection of exemplary services delivered in the following.

Coffee Climate Care Vietnam

Between 2013 and 2016 UTZ Certified together with the Douwe Egberts Foundation is implementing a project to support smallholder coffee farmers in Vietnam in adapting to changing climate conditions and in collecting relevant emissions data to calculate a carbon footprint. The project Coffee Climate Care is sponsored by DEG and Green Line was involved in planning the project since the start and supports in different activities throughout project implementation.


C&C – Initiative on Coffee and Climate

Between 2010 and 2014 several actors of the coffee sector, among others Neumann Kaffee Gruppe, Tchibo GmbH and Gustav Paulig together with GIZ are implementing a project on climate change issues in the coffee sector. The project works with selected pilot groups in Brazil, the Trifinio region, Tanzania and Vietnam to develop and test a toolbox for climate change adaptation in coffee production. Green Line supports C&C in various activities, e.g. the development of a sensitization session for farmers in Brazil, the development of overviews on several adaptation options, such as windbreaks and the development and implementation of a Training of Trainers session in Tanzania.

C&C – Project Overview

Adaptation to Climate Change and Insurance (ACCI)

The BMU funded project is implemented by GIZ and ends in December 2013. ACCI worked on climate change adaptation activities with subsistence farmers and communities in western Kenya. Green Line supported the project in the compilation of Risk Profiles for their target regions, the development of a methodology to track adaptive capacity (TRAC) and the compilation of a strategy document on how to mainstream climate change work in the Kenyan and potentially the East African context.

Green Coffee Product Category Rules

Developing a carbon footprint of coffee is not easy. There are several methodologies to calculate a carbon footprint and so far no harmonized approach exists specifically for coffee. Thus results of existing studies are not necessarily comparable. Additionally there is little data available at the origins and data collection is cumbersome and costly; yet the data is not always precise. This is why the coffee sector decided to develop Product Category Rules to establish a product carbon footprint of green coffee up to the port of the producing country. The Product Category Rules have now been published and include case studies from Honduras, Kenya and Vietnam in the annex.

The development of the Green Coffee Product Category Rules is so far hosted by the Coffee Working Group of the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative and linked to the Coffee Program of IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative. Green Line is a member of the Technical Working Group to support the development process of the Product Category Rules and represents the voluntary sustainability standards Rainforest Alliance, UTZ Certified, Fairtrade and 4C in the Steering Committee of the initiative.

Green Coffee PCR – Overview

Voluntary Sustainability Standards

Standard systems such as the Common Code for the Coffee Community (4C), Rainforest Alliance, UTZ Certified or Fairtrade usually operate in three pillars of sustainability: economic, social and environmental. Seeing climate change and climatic variability touches on the sustainability of agricultural production systems, these standard systems are also confronted with the challenge of taking on the topic. Green Line supports them in defining a suitable way to integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation into the given systems. One example of such work is the Position Paper of UTZ Certified.

UTZ Certified – Position Paper on Climate Change

Adap2T – Adaptation and Diversification Strategies for Smallholder Tea Producers

Between 2010 and 2012 the Cafédirect Producer’s Foundation supported six smallholder tea organizations in Kenya and Uganda to develop their own site-specific adaptation strategies to confront challenges brought about by climate change and climatic variability. Green Line together with another international consultant developed and implemented a 5-day-training session for promoter farmers. Throughout the training the promoter farmers learned to carry out participatory workshops with grower representatives to identify suitable adaptation strategies. Furthermore Green Line supported three of the six tea organizations, namely Mabale Growers Tea Factory and Mpanga Growers Tea Factory in Uganda and EPK OEP in Kenya, in further developing their adaptation strategies and in linking up with important stakeholders.

The Pioneers

One of the very first projects to work on climate change adaptation at smallholder level was AdapCC – Adaptation for Smallholders to Climate Change. GIZ and Cafédirect plc jointly implemented the project between 2007 and 2010 and worked with coffee organizations in Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru and with a tea organization in Kenya to develop exemplary adaptation strategies. Kerstin Linne was part of the project management team of this project while she still worked at GIZ. Many projects working on climate change related topics with smallholder growers draw upon results and methodologies developed by AdapCC.

AdapCC – Project Overview

While AdapCC was still running GIZ together with the World Bank, the 4C Association, Ecom Trading and Tchibo GmbH started a project, the Sangana PPP on climate change adaptation and mitigation in the Kenyan coffee sector, to develop a verifiable climate module as a voluntary addition to the 4C Code of Conduct. The add-on module was successfully developed and tested together with the Kenyan smallholder coffee organization Baragwi Farmers’ Cooperative Society Ltd. The project was among the first to look into data collection for estimating on-farm greenhouse gas emissions at farm level using the Cool Farm Tool. The Sangana PPP ended in September 2011. Kerstin Linne was responsible for the development and the implementation of this strategic alliance while still at GIZ. Project results and lessons learnt are publicly available at the 4C Resource Centre under the climate change documents at: http://www.4c-coffeeassociation.org/document-library/documents.html

Sangana PPP – Project Overview


Current projects
Kerstin has just finished an evaluation on the impact of Fairtrade regarding environmental protection, climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation and is conducting several ex-post evaluations under the International Climate Initiative until mid 2021. Furthermore, she finished a one-year training on organizational development in September 2019 and delivered her first consultancy in organizational development to the German Fair Trade Network between July and October 2019.